This book examines "beyond-compliance" environmental policymaking within two multinational corporations -- Baxter International Inc. and Eli Lilly and Company. The neoclassical theory treats firms as unitary actors and explains their policies as passive responses to market signals and/or governmental regulations. Consequently, it does not sufficiently explain why firms selectively adopt "beyond-compliance" policies. To explore this puzzle, I employ a new-institutionalist perspective. Instead of treating firms as unitary actors, this book views them as composite actors, as units of collective action. In the new-institutionalist tradition, I identify two theories of firm behavior: power-based, and leadership-based. These represent two kinds of intra-firm processes: coercive (power) and induced cooperation (leadership). Employing these theories, I examine processes of environmental policymaking focusing on ten cases across two firms.
A revised version of this dissertation is being published as a book: Aseem Prakash. "Greening the Firm: The Politics of Corporate Environmentalism." Cambridge University Press, forthcoming
Joint Ph.D., School of Public and Environmental Affairs and Department of Political Science, Indiana University, Bloomington
Professor Elinor Ostrom and Professor Jeffrey A. Hart